Tidimane Samuel Ramono was born in Moruleng Village in 1908. The first-born son of Kgosi Ramono Pilane and heir to his throne, Tidimane was educated at Tigerkloof Educational Institution. While at Tigerkloof, Dialwa, Ofentse and Thari acted as chiefs on his behalf. When he completed at Tigerkloof, he worked briefly as a clerk in Lobatse for the British colonial administration. In September 1949 he was ready to assume his throne, took over from Thari and was crowned kgosi. Tidimane dabbled in regional politics for a while. When the 'homeland' of Bophuthatswana was created in the late 1970's, he formed and led the National Seoposengwe Party (NSP) which participated in the homeland's elections in 1972. This party was opposed to Tswana unity and, instead, stood for African unity. Although the NSP was never a threat to the homeland government of Bophuthatswana, its opposition was nevertheless a thorn in its flesh, a reality that its president, Lucas Mangope barely tolerated. Tidimane was succeeded by Victor Sefora as president of the NSP in 1976. In Tidimane's first marriage, to a distant cousin from Mochudi, they had no children and they eventually divorced. In his second marriage, to Irene, they had two sons and one daughter. He died on 23 May 2000, aged 92.