The National Seoposengwe Party (NSP) was formed by Kgosi Tidimane Pilane of the Bakgatla to challenge Lucas Mangope’s Bophuhatswana National Party BNP) in the 1972 election leading up to supposed independence for the homeland. It differed from the BNP in that it stood for African as opposed to Tswana unity; it espoused a form of federalism and advocated a referendum of all the people in the envisaged bantustan to gauge their acceptance of independence or not. Pilane was followed as president of the NSP in 1976 by Victor Sefora. It had the support of a number of prominent dikgosi who were opposed to Mangope.
The NSP acted in apparent accordance with the confines of bantustan politics and participated in the Bophuthatswana Legislative Assembly, where it The NSP also took up issues relating to the hardships faced by black people in Bophuthatswana, especially non-Tswana speakers, who enjoyed none of the usual privileges of citizenship, and the forced relocation of communities, which was a key component of Pretoria’s bantustan strategy, It also demanded that there should be controls over mining in the incipient homeland.
Newly available evidence indicates quite clearly that many NSP members and office holders were in direct contact with the ANC in Botswana. This was especially true ofthe Huhudi-Vryburg branch of the NSP. The minutes of many key meetings were sent to the ANC, and NSP members travelled to Botswana on a regular basis to meet with the ANC and were involved in the distribution of ANC literature and propaganda materials in the western Transvaal region.
The NSP was involved in the failed 1988 coup in Bophuthatswana in particular through the involvement of Rocky Malebane-Metsing, a coup leader and also office bearer in the NSP.